The quantity of Australians who travel international has increased over recent years. Info available through the Australian Office of Statistics suggest that there was about 6. 7 thousand short-term departures in 2010, using more than half travelling to destinations apart from New Zealand or nations around the world in North America and The european countries. There are various risks to health and fitness associated with international travel, which includes exposures to infective agencies, extremes of altitude and also temperature, and other physical, mental and environmental hazards. There might also be poor quality or minimal access to clean water, protection, hygiene and sanitation amenities, and health and medical care. The degree of health risks will vary with personal factors, including the travelers root health and physiological state, the particular itinerary and activities performed, and the duration of exposure to different hazards during travel.
Recommended Vaccinations and Preventive Medications:
• Hepatitis A or immune globulin (IG). (except for Australia and New Zealand).
• Hepatitis B, especially if you might be exposed to blood or body fluids (for example, health-care workers), have sexual contact with the local population, or be exposed through medical treatment.
• Japanese Encephalitis, Papua New Guinea or the Islands of Torres Strait in Australia. Local transmission documented but rare.
• Rabies, if you might have extensive unprotected outdoor exposure in rural areas, such as might occur during camping, hiking, or bicycling, or engaging in certain occupational activities.
• Typhoid, (except for Australia and New Zealand), particularly if you are visiting developing countries in this region.
• As needed, booster doses for Tetanus-Diphtheria and Measles.